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It's Your Right to Know:
A Research Guide on Juvenile Justice in California

April 2003

Prison Expansion

During the 1990's California embarked on the largest prison build-up in the country. Not only were more prison facilities built during this time, but also other systems of incarceration and control outside of prison grew. For example, California has seen a continual expansion of juvenile halls, the presence of police on public school campuses, and the use of electric monitoring and home supervision to control people on probation. Government agencies are required to document most of these programs along with conventional prison expansion efforts. Below you'll find some useful government sources for getting information on prison expansion issues. The sources are organized by jurisdiction with the relevant public records listed in a checklist format.

National Sources

Bureau of Justice Statistics: Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics
Provides the best yearly analysis of federal, state and local criminal justice data. Includes information on criminal justice programs, projects, trends, and funding.

· Lists criminal justice agencies and employees, criminal justice expenditures, workload of agency personnel, and state-by-state statutory information.
· Has information on arrestees by age, sex, race, and geographic area

Federal Bureau of Prisons, Office of Research and Evaluation: Quick Facts
Has useful data about who's locked up in federal prison (race, age, gender) what they're there for, how many facilities there are, the security system, etc…

· Lists of federal prison facilities and inmate location information
· Data on federal prison populations
· Issues reports on federal criminal procedure

State Sources

California Department of Corrections
The California Department of Corrections has annual budget information for new and on going prison construction, CDC master plan information, inmate population figures and proposed new prison construction at the state level. The Department also maintains records on prison maintenance, extension plans, and related information.

· Annual CDC budget
· CDC master plan
· Inmate population figures and projections
· Maintenance and expansion plans

California Legislative Analyst's Office
Includes budget analysis of criminal justice agencies in state government and forecasts the "need" for new prison construction projects. Makes recommendations about prison closures as well.

· Prison construction/ reduction budget analysis

California Board of Corrections
The Board has what's called a Facility Construction Projects Contacts List (in the "Directories" section on their web site). This list is a rundown of California correctional construction projects in counties and municipalities in the state complete with contact e-mails. The Board also has a Facilities Construction section under their "Facilities" section on the web site. Both are very useful.

· Facility Construction Projects Contacts List
· Facilities Construction "Frequently Asked Questions

California Youth Authority
This Office issues population management and facilities master plan reports that project youth inmate populations and institutional capacities. This is where you'll find early plans for new youth prisons or shifts in facility priorities.

· Population Management and Facilities Master Plan

California Department of Financial Institutions
The Department of Financial Institutions has a breakdown of all public safety related funding in the state budget including overviews of internal department and agency budgets.

· Internal criminal justice department budgets including prison construction costs

County Sources

Office of the Board of Supervisors
Clerk Offices for County Boards of Supervisors will have copies of county budgets that include outlays for all public safety related items. This usually includes spending on county jails, and juvenile justice detention centers, camps, probation programs and other expenditures.

· County public safety budgets

County Probation Offices
These offices will have breakdowns of caseload data, supervision and intake statistics. They also should have copies of they own budgets, along with any electric monitoring, home supervision and juvenile related tracking systems.

· Probation caseload data, intake statistics
· Electric monitoring and home supervision population numbers

County Sheriff Departments
Usually will have information on county jails (locations, visiting procedures, wardens) Some county sheriff web- sites will also have one sided information about any plans to build new jails or convert old buildings into jails.

· New jail and youth facility construction project information

Municipal Sources

City Clerk/ City Manager Office
Not all cities have their own jail systems. But if a city does, maintenance, closure and expansion plans will be in the city budget which you can sometimes get at the City Clerks office.

· City Budgets

A joint project of the DataCenter's Criminal Justice Program & Youth Strategy Project and Books not Bars

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Investigating the Police
Prison Expansion
Criminal Justice Demographics
Budgets & Campaign Contributions
More Criminal Justice Research Resources


Sample Public Records Requests
Tips on Filing Public Records Requests
Glossary of Government Agencies & Departments
California Juvenile Justice System Map

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